Citrus aurantium (also known as bitter orange Seville orange and bigarade orange) is a tree that belongs to the Rutaceae family. Various parts of the tree such as flowers fruits leaves and peels have been used medicinally for thousands of years. Citrus aurantium is now primarily employed as an appetite suppressant and serves as an important ingredient in various weight loss pills and supplements. In addition various forms of tree oil used for flavoring and fragrance purposes
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The earliest use of Citrus aurantium dating back to the natives of the Amazon rainforest and it has been a part of traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. They referred to it as Zhi Shi” and found it effective in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders (like abdominal and stomach discomfort diarrhea constipation heartburn indigestion nausea and vomiting).
Many modern health practitioners use Citrus aurantium for health conditions above and additionally use it to treat skin inflammation muscle pain bruises and various fungal infections such as athlete’s foot jock itch and ringworm. Citrus aurantium come in a variety of forms including capsules juices and extracts oils peels powders and tablets.
Citrus aurantium is regularly used by dietary supplement manufacturers because of its weight loss properties. It contains chemical compounds tyramine synephrine and octopamine which promotes the breakdown of fats oils and lipids. Compounds in Citrus aurantium trigger the body to discharge the stress hormone norepinephrine (or noradrenaline) in all receptor sites generate chemical reactions that increase the breakdown of fat and improve the body’s metabolic resting rate.
Citrus aurantium gained more popularity in April 2004 when the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned the use of ephedra in supplements. FDA banned ephedra because of its usage was linked to a number of negative effects and even deaths. The synephrine (oxedrine) in Citrus aurantium is a lineup similar to ephedra but there are few (if any) approved reports that link Citrus aurantium to the negative effects attributed to ephedra. Furthermore since it is a member of the citrus family is Citrus aurantium vitamin C properties that can help purify the blood and assist in the body’s absorption of iron.
Although Citrus aurantium is widely used in supplements because of its alleged weight loss properties there are many doctors who believe that there is no concrete evidence that proves it is effective for this purpose. The authors of an article on Citrus aurantium published 23 April 2007 in the “Encyclopedia of Dietary Supplements state “While some evidence is promising larger and more rigorous clinical studies are needed to draw adequate conclusions regarding the safety and efficacy of these supplements to promote weight loss. “in addition corresponding author Katherine Zeratsky the question” bitter orange weight loss supplements: Do they work “in an editorial in Mayo Clinic’s website says” There is no definitive evidence that bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) is effective for weight loss ? . “She attributes much of its use in supplements to the fact that after the ban of ephedra manufacturers began to look for a quick replacement and took note the similarities of Citrus aurantium and ephedra.
Most of the safety concerns regarding citrus aurantium and its work has to do with its stimulation properties. That being said there synephrine in Citrus aurantium may increase a person’s blood and his potential for cardiovascular complications such as palpitations and decreased blood flow to the heart and body extremities. Children women who are pregnant or breastfeeding people with heart kidney or liver disease glaucoma or hypertension advised not to take Citrus aurantium as sufficient amounts studies have not been conducted on its efficacy with such populations. In addition the Citrus aurantium affect other medications and supplements including calcium channel blockers MAOIs stimulants and sulfa antibiotics.”