Diabetics can choose to eat from a variety of foods the same as the rest of us but some of the consequences of choosing the wrong foods is greater for diabetics. Bad food can take different forms for diabetics. One type of bad food is food that makes your blood sugar rise much to the point where insulin shots may be struggling to control glycemic response. Another type of bad foods are foods that are simply unhealthy and therefore dangerous in the long run. Both short- and long-term hazards will be discussed.
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. Diet and nutrition reference manual.
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Short-Run Hazards :. Foods that may Spike Blood Sugar Levels
For diabetics certain foods can be likely to trigger a strong glycemic response especially carbohydrates. Carbohydrates must carefully portioned at meals to prevent blood sugar spikes. High-glycemic index foods are supposed to be related to food leading to greater glycemic response but be careful when consulting glycemic indices: They are good for whole foods some of the time but each individual reacts to certain foods differently and some food items may be listed inaccurate. Some foods that fall into this category of foods to avoid at least in unforeseen amounts is white rice or Jasmine rice fried potatoes white pasta white bread crackers and some fruits such as bananas and pineapples.
Long-Run Risks: Fructose-rich Foods
Fructose is a simple sugar such as glucose but creates problems for diabetics because it bypasses glucose / insulin control and even eventually converts to glucose inside the cell. While fructose sometimes come from whole fruits and vegetables it can also be present in large amounts in table sugar high fructose corn syrup and fruit juice concentrates and other foods containing sucrose or corn syrup. Excess fructose can lead to insulin resistance obesity elevated LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and other problems. Fructose has a low glycemic index but can create glucose spikes anyway thanks to the difficult metabolism necessary to convert fructose into energy. High-fructose foods include soft drinks artificial fruit drinks some bread some cereals candy bars cookies and cakes
Long-Run Danger :. trans Fats
Trans fats produce a well-documented adverse effect on health which can be even more fatal for those with diabetes. Trans fat is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and may also increase the risk of a variety of other diseases and disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease cancer obesity and hepatic function. Moreover there is a concern that trans fats can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in people without it and increasing obesity and other health problems for diabetics with type 2 diabetes. Foods with trans fats is fast food margarine spreads packaged foods baked goods and donuts.