What Is A Triglyceride Composed Of?

What Is A Triglyceride Composed Of?
What Is A Triglyceride Composed Of?

Triglyceride -you have probably heard this word on TV or from your doctor. And even though you know it’s unhealthy and found in foods you may not know exactly what it is or how it works inside your body. The aim of this article is to define the structure of a triglyceride as well as its role in nutrition
A triglyceride is an organic compound which comprises three fatty acid” chains (i.e. long chains of carbon-to-carbon bonds) each connected to single glycerol molecule which serves as a “backbone” for the whole molecule. While glucose (commonly known as “sugar”) is what the individual cells use for energy triglycerides (known as “fat”) is what the body uses for long-term energy storage. In fact the body will often convert excess glucose into triglycerides in the liver for later use
triglycerides / fats fall into three main categories based on the characteristics of their fatty acid chains :. Saturated unsaturated and polyunsaturated. Saturated fats have only one covalent bonds between carbon atoms. This structure makes molecules more likely to form solids at room temperature and once in the blood these fat makes the blood more viscous and “gooey.” Unsaturated fats however fatty acid chains by exactly one carbon-to-carbon double bond. This allows the molecules to be more liquid forming a liquid at room temperature. Polyunsaturated fats simply have more than one double bond.
Interestingly unsaturated and polyunsaturated fat appears to reduce the levels of saturated fats in the blood. Some speculate that the non-polar liquid unsaturated fat helps dissolve the non-polar saturated fat making blood less viscous.
Triglycerides and Heart Disease
Although an exact mechanism is yet to be determined many clinical studies show a strong correlation between high triglyceride levels and heart disease. The strongest link between triglycerides and arteriosclerosis: hardening of the walls of blood vessels which leads to increased blood pressure and heart fatigue. Moreover data show that among people who have already confirmed heart disease patients with high triglyceride levels die in a greater rate than those with lower levels. Likewise after bypass surgery patients with normal levels a better survival than those with high levels.
Causes of High Triglyceride Levels
While eating foods high in saturated fat (f. Ex red meat cheese sour cream ice cream butter coconut oil cocoa butter and palm oil) is the most common contributor to triglyceride levels may sugary foods plays an important role too. As we mentioned earlier the liver has the ability to convert excess glucose (i.e. sugar) in the blood of triglycerides for storage.
If you use too many sweets and not exercising the constant high blood sugar levels forcing your liver to compensate by producing an excess of triglycerides in an attempt to reduce the former. For example as a person develops diabetes the body builds less on conversion of glucose into glycogen and more on the conversion of glucose into saturated triglycerides.
However high triglyceride levels also serve as a “canary-in-the-coal-mine” for serious disorders unrelated to diet. The thyroid gland secretes hormones that play a crucial role in regulating triglyceride levels. Increased blood triglycerides can therefore signal a malfunctioning gland.
To Lower Triglyceride Levels
Unless a genetic disorder or renal failure is the cause the triglyceride levels are reduced and / or controlled by reducing the amount of saturated fat in your diet increase the amount of unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (soybeans soybean oil cottonseed oil Omega-3 fish oil pills flaxseed oil pills) cut the intake of unnecessary sweets (candy soft drinks desserts) and exercising regularly.
Otherwise thyroid medications and cholesterol-lowering drugs like Lipitor has been proven to be effective at lowering triglyceride levels.”

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