Adrenal Failure

Adrenal Failure
Adrenal Failure

adrenal failure is a serious condition resulting from damage to the adrenal cortex which significantly impairs proper hormone production and regulation. known as Addison’s disease adrenal failure can occur due to the presence of infection or disease. treatment for adrenal failure is dependent on the severity of the impairment and may include the use of medication to regulate hormone production people who develop a complication called Addison-crisis often require the administration of more extensive treatment to stabilize their condition. .
some individuals may be at a greater risk of developing adrenal gland failure due to the presence of a pre-existing chronic condition. autoimmune diseases such as Graves’ disease and vitiligo and certain anemias often increase an individual’s susceptibility to adrenal failure due to pre-existing impaired immune system and disrupted hormone production. Because of the aggressiveness of certain autoimmune diseases the adrenal glands suffer damage from repeated attacks from the immune system. People who have been diagnosed with certain types of tumors or experienced certain types of extensive bleeding may be a greater risk of developing Addison’s disease because of the potential damage these conditions may have caused the adrenal glands. the presence of certain bacteria and fungi including tuberculosis (TB) may also contribute to the decreased adrenal function.
If Addison’s disease is suspected doctors generally order a battery of tests after an initial physical examination complete medical history and discussion of the individual’s symptoms. a blood test can be given to assess the individual’s potassium and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels among other markers that may indicate the presence of disease or infection. imaging tests including a CT scan (CT) scan can be provided to assess the condition of the adrenal glands. Additionally the tests can be provided to exclude other conditions that can compete symptoms that mimic those associated with adrenal insufficiency.
people with adrenal failure can present a variety of symptoms. since Addison’s disease is often slow in its progression individuals may initially only experience some symptoms that may include unintentional weight loss joint pain and mood swings. some people develop intermittent nausea and vomiting that gradually increases in the incidence duration and severity. several signs that may indicate impaired adrenal function may include loss of muscle tone acute hypoglycemia and uncharacteristically low blood pressure.
treatment for adrenal failure is often centered on hormone therapy and regulation. individuals often receive hormone therapy which involves administration of corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. are dietary changes often proposed to maintain appropriate sodium and potassium and are generally tailored to meet individual needs. people can work with a dietitian or nutritionist to design a diet that meets their specific needs as determined by their physician.
when adrenal impairment remain undiagnosed and evolving to trigger an Addison crisis treatment required more extensive. people with this potentially fatal condition develops dangerously low potassium and blood glucose levels. intravenous medications and fluids are necessary to stabilize the person’s condition and prevent further complications and death.

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