Treatments For High Potassium Levels

Treatments For High Potassium Levels
Treatments For High Potassium Levels

Potassium is an electrolyte that is essential for proper functioning of nerve circulatory muscular and digestive system. Potassium and sodium are used by the body in what is known as sodium potassium pump which moves these electrolytes into and out of cells. The balance of potassium in the body is delicate and an overdose can be fatal. Treatments for high potassium levels vary depending on the severity of the condition
Recognizing symptoms triggered by high levels of. potassium in the blood is the first step toward identifying the best treatment. Symptoms may include nausea fatigue muscle weakness or tingling in the extremities and tongue. High levels of potassium can also cause confusion shallow breathing seizures or convulsions heavy feeling in the arms or legs or feeling faint. Symptoms may not be seen until the levels are already dangerously high. As potassium levels continue to rise it can cause uneven or slow heartbeat paralysis and in extreme cases stops the heart. Levels this high requiring emergency treatment in hospital. When potassium levels have been stabilized the long-term treatment begin.
emergency Treatment
Inpatient treatment may include use of insulin beta agonists or sodium bicarbonate all of which promote the movement of potassium from the blood back into the cells. Diuretics can be provided to help the kidneys excrete potassium and binding resins kayexalate can help aid digestion with exchange of potassium and sodium. Dialysis may also help filter potassium from the blood especially if the kidneys are not functioning properly.
Long-term Treatment
Long-term treatment usually involves treating the underlying problems due potassium levels to rise. This may involve the kidneys because they are the primary method the body uses to filter potassium from the blood. Any medication that promotes potassium retention is discontinued. These include ACE inhibitors nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics such as Aldactone Bactrim or Dyrenium. A diet that is designed to reduce the potassium intake may be required. This will regulate high potassium foods such as bananas avocados lentils peaches potatoes tomatoes watermelon and salmon. Medications such as diuretics that help the body secretes potassium can also be used.