Sodium in Diet
The amount of sodium should be in the diet can be a point. debate. For most Americans there is no shortage of sodium and in fact is the excess of this nutrient in the diet alarming. According to the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research about 77 percent of the sodium in the average American diet comes from processed foods. Only 5 percent is added during cooking so most eaters tend to remain unaware of the enormous amounts of sodium they eat. While maintaining a healthy level of sodium is important it must also be noted that sodium should not be removed from the diet completely so it serves many important functions.
Importance of Sodium
Sodium plays an important role in the body’s function. Sodium is important to extra cellular fluid and helps to maintain proper fluid balance. It also helps to transfer electrical nerve impulses and transport nutrients to the cells. Sodium take part in affecting muscles as they contract or relax. A deficiency of sodium can cause headaches vomiting confusion dizziness and low blood pressure. A healthy daily sodium intake is between 1 500 and 2 400 milligrams. People with hypertension diabetes or chronic kidney disease may be necessary to limit the amount of sodium in the lower end of this range.
Sources of Sodium
Before turning to salt shaker to the sodium intake take note of the many healthier alternatives to obtain the daily requirement of sodium. Sodium found in cabbage egg yolks milk shellfish seaweed carrots celery and cauliflower. Sodium also wonder some unlikely places especially in almost all processed foods. The sodium content of a slice of American cheese is about 300 mg. A half cup of pasta sauce can contain more than 500 milligrams of sodium. A breakfast sandwich from a fast-food restaurant generally contain more than 1 200 mg sodium almost a full day allowance. For the average consumer regarding sodium intake should center around reducing it.
Sodium in Diet