Diuretics are drugs designed to increase the amount of urine your body. They are used for a variety of reasons including for general weight loss. However there are several factors to consider before using diuretics to lose weight
How Diuretics Work
According to the American Medical Association’s Family Medical Guide are diuretics used to help the kidneys produce more urine and flush it out of your body. They are mainly used to reduce water retention in the body tissues. Water retention is often a symptom of heart kidney and liver disease.
Types of Medical Diuretics
There are three types of diuretic medications (but multiple types can be combined into one pill). According to the Mayo Clinic works every type on another part of the kidney and each has its own uses precautions and side effects. The three types are:
Thiazides: chlorothiazide (Diuril) hydrochlorothiazide and metolazone (Zaroxolyn)
Loop diuretics: bumetanide (Bumex); ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) furosemide (Lasix) and Torsemide (Demadex).
Potassium sparing diurectics: amiloride; triamterene (Dyrenium); eplerenone (Inspra) spironolactone (Aldactone)
The Mayo Clinic reports the following possible side effects of diuretics:
?? Low blood sodium (hyponatremia)
?? increased blood sugar
?? increased cholesterol
?? Joint disorders (gout)
?? menstrual disorders
?? breast enlargement in men (gynecomastia)
?? High or low potassium levels (depending on diuretics type)
Examples of natural diuretics are cranberries celery parsley asparagus artichokes melon watercress apple cider vinegar coffee and other caffeinated beverages. It also helps to reduce salt and carbohydrate intake and drinking plenty of water when on a diuretic diet to avoid dehydration.
Dandelion ginger and juniper also are natural diuretic. But Katherine Zeratsky a registered dietitian with the Mayo Clinic said these have only a modest diuretic effect.
Diuretics and Eating Disorders
Many people trying to lose weight use diuretics to flush excess water from the body. This is especially common for those with eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia nervosa. Dr. Favio Piccini a psychotherapist who runs the Center for Eating Disorders Therapy in Cesena Italy says that 10 percent of bulimics use diuretics.
However he notes that water retention bulimics encounter is actually the fault of their poor diet. Diuretics that originally were taken to overcome water retention cause in the long term renal damage and then alteration in the balance of fluid and salt balance that regulate water retention Piccini said.
“It is not enough to repeat that using these drugs for weight control is not only stupid but it is also self-destructive like an attempt to whip a tired horse to make him go Piccini continued. “In the end not only does he still did not go but what is worse we no longer have a horse. ”